Bedsore: Epidemiology; Risk Factors; Classification; Assessment Scales and Management

  • Seied Hadi Saghaleini Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • Kasra Dehghan Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Urumiah University of Medical Sciences, Urumiah, Iran
  • Kamran Shadvar Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • Ata Mahmoodpoor Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • Sarvin Sanaie Tuberculosis and Lung Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
  • Zohreh Ostadi Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Keywords: Bedsore, Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Classification, Assessment scales and Management

Abstract

Bedsore is a very important problem in bedridden patients. It affects patients’ lives and imposes substantial costs to society. Its incidence approaches 38% and its annual prevalence is estimated to be 14.8% in patients who are admitted in hospitals.The National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP) and the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (EPUAP) define bedsore as “a localized injury to skin and/or its underlying tissues as a result of pressure, shear or a combination of those and usually present over a bony prominence.Proposed mechanisms for the development of pressure ulcers include friction or shear force over the skin. Several scales have been introduced in clinical studies in order to assess the risk for development of bedsores. Four of the most important scales are Braden scale, Norton scale, Waterlow scale and Cubbin & Jackson scale.Based on literature review it seems that, using appropriate dressings, repositioning the patient, optimizing nutritional status, and moisturizing sacral skin are best ways for management and prevention of pressure ulcers.

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Published
2016-08-10
How to Cite
1.
Saghaleini S, Dehghan K, Shadvar K, Mahmoodpoor A, Sanaie S, Ostadi Z. Bedsore: Epidemiology; Risk Factors; Classification; Assessment Scales and Management. AACC. 2(3):226-30.
Section
Review Article(s)