The Effects of Volatile Anesthetic Agents on the Normal Physiological Functions (Indices) of the Cardiovascular System

  • Zahid Hussain Khan Mail Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Deputy for Research, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Imam Khomeini Medical Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Omid Nabavian Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Ammar Hoom Mahdi Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
physiology, cardiovascular system, volatile anesthetic agents, cardiac index, heart, contractility, rhythm, heart rate, baroreceptor reflex, systemic vascular resistance


Volatile halogenated agents are essential for a balanced anesthesia but they do have significant effects on the cardiovascular system and these effects should be kept in mind during the course of anesthesia to avoid adverse effects and morbidity. An attempt to assess the mechanism of actions of the volatile agents on the cardiovascular system was included with this narrative study.


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How to Cite
Khan ZH, Nabavian O, Mahdi A. The Effects of Volatile Anesthetic Agents on the Normal Physiological Functions (Indices) of the Cardiovascular System. Arch Anesth & Crit Care. 3(4):389-93.
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