The Effects of Volatile Anesthetic Agents on the Normal Physiological Functions (Indices) of the Cardiovascular System
Volatile halogenated agents are essential for a balanced anesthesia but they do have significant effects on the cardiovascular system and these effects should be kept in mind during the course of anesthesia to avoid adverse effects and morbidity. An attempt to assess the mechanism of actions of the volatile agents on the cardiovascular system was included with this narrative study.
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