Muscle Relaxants in Anesthesia Practice: A Narrative Review
AbstractBackground: The objective of this study is to review the literature about the muscle relaxants in anesthetic practice. Methods: In this review, our search includes, the studies performed and applied between 2000 and 2016. Therefore, for review of muscle relaxants in anesthesia practice in major surgeries, we referred to Google scholar, UpToDate, science direct, Ovid MEDLINE, Springer, free journals and the references of reviewed articles in the English language. Results: Neuromuscular blocking agents are a chore and essential part of balanced anesthesia. These are used to facilitate endotracheal intubation and provide skeletal muscle relaxation during surgery. The main disadvantage, i.e. residual paralysis, can be treated or prevented by reversing of such a block. Conclusion: The muscle relaxant plays an important role in adequate muscle relaxation, which allows efficient and safe surgery, requiring automated ventilatory control.
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