Research Article

Effect of Ultrasound Guided Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block on Intraoperative Opioid Consumption and Quality of Postoperative Analgesia in Closed Reduction and Pinning of Paediatric Supracondylar Fracture of Humerus

Abstract

Background: Supracondylar fracture of the humerus is one of the commonly encountered injuries in paediatric age group accounting for 16% of all paediatric fractures and 60% of all paediatric elbow fractures, classically occurring as a result of fall on an outstretched hand. Regional anesthesia may represent one of the best solutions for intraoperative and postoperative paediatric pain management however, due to lack of proficiency and the increased risk of complications in children and difficulty in obtaining cooperation compared to adults, it is not the method of choice for most of the anesthesiologists in children.
Methods: A total of 50 paediatric patients were included who were to undergo CRPP and divided into two groups Group I- General anaesthesia alone (n = 25), Group II- General anaesthesia with USG guided supraclavicular brachial plexus block studied for the intraoperative opioid consumption as well as postoperative analgesia quality, duration and Opioid consumption.
Results: Demographic data were similar in both groups (I and II). Time to first dose of analgesia after surgery in the group I was 54.8±5.4 min and 746.6±40.2 min (p<0.001). The incidence of PONV was 24% (group I) and 16% (GroupII). Duration of analgesia was significantly higher (746.6±40.2 min) and mean pain scores lower in first 24 hour. The fentanyl consumption was higher intraoperatively and rescue analgesic doses were more in group I.
Conclusion: USG guided brachial plexus block is an excellent and effective means for analgesia in CRPP for supracondylar fracture with lower intraoperative Opioid consumption and better postoperative analgesia , lower pain scores and Opioid consumption in first 24 hour post operative period.

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IssueVol 7 No 3 (2021): Summer QRcode
SectionResearch Article(s)
Published2021-07-31
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/aacc.v7i3.6903
Keywords
Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP) opioid . Ultrasound guided supraclavicular brachial plexus block

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How to Cite
1.
Nazir O, Yatoo H, Singh S, Kumar A. Effect of Ultrasound Guided Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block on Intraoperative Opioid Consumption and Quality of Postoperative Analgesia in Closed Reduction and Pinning of Paediatric Supracondylar Fracture of Humerus. Arch Anesth & Crit Care. 2021;7(3):150-156.